The morphology contains a big variety of forms of inducement and conjugation. Inducement has four case forms. Verbal forms transfer diverse shades of action or a state, duration and instantaneousness of action (aorist) in a variety of times and inclinations.
During a historical era of Greece fairy tales were told mainly in gineky, i.e. in a female half of the house. They contained fantastic stories about the great tsarevitch, about terrible monsters, about unusual monsters, etc.
The fable also has to be ranked as the most ancient creations of folklore. In it lines of the animal epos which emergence contacts life of primitive hunters and cattle-farmers remain.
The myth is collective creation of the people, but not a fabrication separate, at least and the ingenious person. Therefore it does not represent something steady and constant: it grows and develops in process of development of public consciousness.
Research of primitive forms of a song shows that emergence should be connected it with primitive magic and ceremonies, and especially with labor process. At primitive people the song is not simple entertainment, and has practical value - helps with work or even will organize it.
The creator of the Greek literature and the art having world value were the people which during a historical era called itself "Greeks", and at us usually are called as "Greeks" - the name taken by us from Romans.
"In a hitrovatost, often rough and flat, that in prosaic language is called as "cheating". And meanwhile in the opinion of the infantile people this cunning could not but seem extreme degree of possible knowledge"
Fruit of long supervision and collective experience Greeks had a large number of sayings, proverbs and walking sayings. When certain meters were developed, many sayings were convicted in a poetic form.
Owing to an extremely important role of the Athenian state, the special branch of Ionians and their language - an attic adverb was formed. These four dialects formed the basis of literary adverbs for separate genres: the Ionic - for the epos, eolian - for Lesbos poets, doriyskiya - for solemn lyrics, an attic dialect as language of the leading state, got especially importance in literature.
In "Odyssey" Telemakh's identity is vividly depicted. The poem represents the gradual growth of this young man. At the beginning of the poem it is presented still absolutely young and dependent what he admits to mother (XVIII, 227-2 at the end of the poem it actively helps the father with his punishment of grooms. This image Greeks could see type of the ideal young man - "efeb".
We have to understand all in general literature of the Greek people written in Greek under the name "Greek literature". For long term many times and radically historical living conditions of the Greek people changed, also language also changed.
As all European culture was under construction on ruins antique, it is quite natural that elements of this of the last entered integrally our public concepts, our thinking, language, artistic images, and many parties of modern life would be unclear without knowledge of ancient art. Ideas and images of antiquity inspired the greatest representatives of literature, art and science: Dante, Petrarch, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron, Goethe and many others. High value of the Greek literature admits outstanding our writers and critics - M. V. Lomonosov, A. N. Radishchev, A.S. Pushkin V. G. Belinsky, A. I. Herzen and others.
Any literary language - language to some extent artificial. Comedy language was close to the informal attic conversation. It contains a lot of artificially thought up words and expressions or parodies to the speech of other genres - the epos, lyrics and the tragedy.
The curious song of gorshechnik remained. In it the outlook of ancient handicraftsmen - potters with all their primitive neveriya was expressed. It is known that the Greek ships were often set in motion by oars; for this purpose flutists in a step to their music oarsmen lifted were located on them and lowered oars. So happened and during other collective works. Unfortunately, did not remain any such song.